Of all the cities in the United States with the same handle, Lexington, Kentucky is the largest of them all - though it is officially known as Lexington-Fayette Urban County. It is the second largest city in Kentucky, and the 65th largest in the entire nation, with a population of over 280,000. Located in the core of Kentucky's Bluegrass Region, Lexington is also called "The Horse Capital of the World," or "Thoroughbred City," due to its multiple thoroughbred race courses.
If you're looking for a Lexington home you will be pleased to know that it is one of the most educated cities in the entire country. Almost 40% of all residents have a Bachelor's Degree or better. 13 institutions of higher education exist in the city including the University of Kentucky, Georgetown College, and Transylvania University. 33 public elementary schools are available, as are 12 middle and 7 high schools. In addition there is the School for the Creative and Performing Arts which serves grades 4 - 8 for those talented or interested in pursuing the arts. In the private sector, those purchasing a Lexington home will find in their vicinity 5 elementary schools, 9 middle schools, and 5 high schools.
The city of Lexington is host to over 100 parks of varying size, from the very tiny Smith Street Park to the over 650-acre Masterson Station Park. Lexington homes are situated in the midst of 6 public golf courses and several other types of recreational areas including a 12, 000 square foot skatepark, and two 18-hole disc golf courses. But, the pride and joy of Lexington is their horse racing tracks. These include the famed Keeneland, which has been running since 1936, and The Red Mile Harness Track - the second oldest track in the nation. Also, weaving around your Lexington home will be over 11 miles of hiking trails which are part of the 734-acre Raven Run Nature Sanctuary.
Transportation for Lexington is provided by Blue Grass Airport which runs 65 direct flights daily, and LexTran, the public transit bus company serving every Lexington home. The city also has an unemployment rate almost a full percent lower than the nation's average, with a plethora of job opportunities from both national and local companies, including the Fortune 500 companies Affiliated Computer Service, Hewlett Packard, and Lexmark International. In fact, in 2008, Forbes declared Lexington to be the 5th best city in the nation on its list of "Businesses and Careers."
Lexington is home to a slew of arts organizations. These include professional theatre, ballet companies, a host of museums, and the much-lauded University of Kentucky opera program. In addition to these, those owning a Lexington home will find several festivals placed throughout the year: Mayfest, the Festival of the Bluegrass, and an all-out Fourth of July celebration spanning several days.
Buying a Lexington home will have you amidst a sweeping dreamscape of natural flora, tradition, and excitement. It is both conventionally gorgeous, and progressively thoughtful, drawing from many cultures and forging itself as a completely unique place to live.
Lexington was founded in 1775, seventeen years before Kentucky became a state, when it was still a part of Virginia. The name is commemorative of Lexington, Massachusetts, given so when frontiersman William McConnell set up camp along Elkhorn Creek and heard of the decisive Revolutionary victories at Concord and Lexington. With impending Indian attacks, settlement of the city didn't begin until 1779 when Colonel Robert Patterson created a single-building fort known as a "blockhouse." It soon expanded its size and defenses into what became known as Bryan Station. In 1782 it was successfully defended from both American Indians and the British in the last breaths of the American Revolution. The Virginia General Assembly established Lexington as a town on May 6, 1782.
In the early 1800s Lexington had become one of the most diverse cities in the Union and was given the nickname "Athens of the West" due to its varied and abundant culture. Because of this the city became home to many people who were famous throughout the 1800s. These people included Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, and Henry Clay. It was also the birthplace of Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd Lincoln.
Lexington is noted as having created one of the first drug rehabilitation clinics in 1935, which they called the "Addiction Research Center," though it was eventually converted to a federal prison.